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  • PESAN DAN TANGGAPAN :

    Resolutions Women on Physics
    Oleh : Wiwik S.
    Kamis, 21 Maret 2002 (08:57 WIB) dari IP 202.155.39.189

    Rekan-rekan HFI,

    Berikut saya forward-kan hasil "Women in Physics Conference" yang
    diselenggarakan di Paris tg.7-9 Maret baru lalu. Semoga ada manfaatnya,
    khususnya bagi "Women in Physics" di Indonesia.

    Terimakasih.

    Salam,
    Wiwik
    -----Original Message-----
    From: Jacquelyn Beamon_Kiene <beamon@aps.org>
    To: p3ftlipi@bdg.centrin.net.id <p3ftlipi@bdg.centrin.net.id>
    Date: 20 Maret 2002 2:41
    Subject: Resolutions


    International Conference on Women in Physics
    Maison de I|APO|UNESCO, Paris, France
    7-9 March 2002

    Conference Resolutions

    Introduction
    Physics plays a key role in understanding the world we live in, and
    physicists contribute strongly to the welfare and economic development of
    nations. The knowledge and problem-solving skills of physicists are
    essential in many professions and industries and to society at large. To
    thrive in today|APO|s fast-changing, technological world, every country must
    achieve a highly educated population of women and men, fully engaged in
    making decisions important to their well being.

    Thus a knowledge of physics is an important part of general literacy for
    every citizen. In addition, advancing physics understanding is an exciting
    intellectual challenge that benefits from the diverse and complementary
    approaches taken by both women and men from many cultures. Currently
    women can and do contribute to this quest and, through physics, to the
    welfare of humankind, but only in small numbers: women are an underutilized
    "intellectual reserve." Only when women participate fully as researchers in
    the laboratory, as scientific leaders and teachers, and as policy makers
    will they feel equal partners in a technological society.

    The ideas in these resolutions are aimed at bringing more women into the
    mainstream and leadership of physics. They were unanimously approved by over
    300 physicists from 65 countries attending the first International
    Conference on Women in Physics, held in Paris, France, 7-9 March 2002.

    Each country is different. Thus the conference participants are translating
    these resolutions into their own languages. In the translation, the ideas in
    the resolutions will be appropriately phrased and directed to the
    responsible entities in each country.

    1. Resolution Directed at Schools and Their Government Sponsors

    Girls should be given the same opportunities and encouragement as boys to
    learn physics in schools. When parents and teachers encourage girls, it
    strengthens their self-confidence and helps them advance. Methods and
    textbooks used in teaching physics should include those that have been shown
    to interest girls in physics and foster their success. Studies show that
    young girls have a strong desire to help improve people|APO|s lives, and
    therefore it is important that they have the opportunity to see ways that
    physics has a positive impact on society.

    2. Resolutions Directed at Universities

    2.1 Students

    Universities should examine their policies and procedures to ensure that
    female students are given an opportunity for success that equals that of
    male students. All policies that perpetuate discrimination should be
    abolished, and policies that promote inclusion should be adopted.

    This may involve adopting such practices as: using a broad interdisciplinary
    approach to physics; providing flexible entry criteria to the physics major;
    allowing early participation in research; providing mentoring; and exposing
    students to the important contributions physics makes to other
    sciences, medicine, industry and the quality of daily life. Adopting these
    practices will have an especially positive effect on young women, who often
    feel isolated and unwelcome in physics.

    2.2 Faculty and Researchers

    Recent studies have shown that, even at top research institutions, women
    scientists have not been treated fairly with respect to their male
    colleagues. This is not only very harmful to women in science but in the
    long run will be harmful to science as well. Universities must examine and
    communicate their policies and practices to make sure that they promote
    equity; it is of key
    importance that universities guarantee transparent and fair mechanisms of
    recruitment and promotion. Additional important elements for success are
    access to research funding and facilities and sufficient time for research.

    Having a family should not be allowed to impede women|APO|s participation in
    scientific careers. A family-friendly environment that provides such things
    as child-care facilities, flexible working schedules and employment
    opportunities for dual career families will enable career success.

    University governance has been found to be dominated by men. Women need to
    be included in university and physics department governance, particularly on
    key policy committees. Women must have input into those policies that
    control their own destinies. It is important for the development of
    young women physicists to see successful women active in research, teaching
    and leadership.

    3. Resolution Directed at Research Institutes

    Research institutes will benefit from policies that allow women scientists
    to be successful. Institute directors should make sure that policies that
    promote gender equity in recruitment and promotion are adopted and enforced.
    Too often what has been termed a "glass ceiling" is allowed to stop the
    advance of women|APO|s careers.

    Institute directors should take an active part in ensuring that
    family-friendly practices such as child-care facilities and flexible working
    schedules are available to all. Surveys repeatedly show that a leading
    concern of women is balancing career and family life; having a family should
    not be allowed to impede successful participation in scientific research.

    4. Resolution Directed at Industrial Laboratories

    Industrial laboratories will benefit from policies that allow women
    scientists to be successful. Industrial managers and research directors
    should make sure that policies that promote gender equity
    in recruitment and promotion are adopted and enforced. Too often what has
    been termed a "glass ceiling" is allowed to stop the advance of women|APO|s
    careers.

    Industrial managers should take an active part in ensuring that
    family-friendly practices such as child-care facilities and flexible working
    schedules are available to all. Surveys repeatedly show that a leading
    concern for women is balancing career and family life; having a family
    should not be allowed
    to impede successful participation in scientific research.

    5. Resolution Directed at Scientific Societies

    Scientific and professional societies can and should play a major role in
    increasing the number and success of women in physics. Each society should
    have a committee or working group that is responsible for such issues and
    that makes recommendations to the society as a whole. At a
    minimum societies should do the following things: work with other
    organizations to collect and make available statistical data on the
    participation of women in physics at all levels; identify women physicists
    and publicize them as role models; include women on program committees and
    as invited speakers for society-sponsored meetings and conferences; and
    include women on editorial boards of society journals.

    6. Resolution Directed at National Governments

    Physics plays a key role in understanding the world we live in, and
    physicists contribute strongly to the economic and cultural development and
    welfare of nations. It is therefore in every nation|APO|s self-interest to
    provide strong physics education for all its citizens and to support
    advanced education and research. Governments must ensure that women have
    the same access and chance for success in research and education as men.
    National planning and review committees should include women, and awards of
    government funds should only be made to organizations and institutions that
    make gender equity a part of their policies.

    7. Resolution Directed at Granting Agencies

    Agencies that make funding available for scientific research play a key role
    in promoting the success of individual scientists as well as science as a
    whole. Past studies have shown evidence for gender bias in the review
    process. Therefore, to ensure that women have the same access to research
    funding as men, all competitions for funding should be transparent and
    widely publicized; the criteria for obtaining funds should be clear; and
    women should be included on all review and decision making committees.
    Limits on age of eligibility or grant structure and duration that seriously
    disadvantage applicants taking family leave should be reconsidered. Granting
    agencies should maintain and make available statistical data by gender,
    including such information as the proportion and qualifications of women and
    men who apply for funding and who obtain funding.

    8. Resolution Directed at IUPAP

    IUPAP is the international organization of physicists and as such exerts
    considerable influence on the physics community through its statements and
    activities. IUPAP should both endorse the above resolutions aimed at other
    groups and also examine its own actions to make sure that they contribute to
    increasing the number and success of women in physics. It will also be
    valuable for IUPAP to communicate the results of this conference to
    international scientific organizations in other fields. In the election of
    IUPAP|APO|s Executive Council and Commission members, procedures should be
    instituted to ensure the full inclusion of women. IUPAP sponsors major
    international conferences; a criterion for such sponsorship should be the
    demonstration that women are included on the International Advisory
    Committees and Program Committees. IUPAP should require conference
    organizers to report gender distribution of invited speakers. IUPAP should
    encourage all of its national Liaison committees to include women among
    their members. Liaison committees should also advocate these resolutions in
    their countries. IUPAP should continue its Working Group on Women Physics
    and empower it to establish an international advisory committee with a
    member in as many countries as possible. Finally, this group will form the
    basis of a network that can continue the work of increasing the number and
    success of women in physics.


    _____________________________________________IUPAP
    Women in
    Physics


    International Conference on Women in Physics
    http://www.if.ufrgs.br/~barbosa/conference.html


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